Role of Alcohol in Accident

Impairment by alcohol is an important factor in causing accidents and in increasing the consequences of the same. From various studies conducted in low income countries, it has been found that alcohol was present in between 33% and 69% of fatally injured drivers, and in between 8% and 29% of drivers involved in crashes who were not fatally injured. Drivers and motor cyclists with any level of BAC greater than zero are at higher risk of a crash than those whose BAC is zero.  

With increasing BAC levels, the risk being involved in a crash starts to rise significantly at a BAC of 40mg for 100 ml of blood. In experience, young/adults with BAC above zero have 2.5 times the risk of crash compared with more experience drivers.

A study on drivers killed in road crashes has revealed that teenage drivers have more than 5 times the risk of a crash compared with drivers aged 30 and above, at all level of BAC. Drivers 22 to 29 years old were estimated to have 3 times the risk compared with drivers aged 30 years and above, at all BAC levels.

Alcohol consumption by drivers puts pedestrians and riders of motorized two wheelers at risk.

Any person under the influence of alcohol or drugs, driving or attempting to drive a motor vehicle found to have an alcohol level exceeding 30 mg per 100 ml of blood detected by a breath analyzer shall be Punishable

The motor vehicle Act, 1939, amended up to 1989 contains a clause 117 which reads as:

"117 Driving by a drunken person or by a person under the influence of drugs - whoever while driving or attempting to drive a motor vehicle or riding or attempting to ride, a motor cycle - (a) has in his blood, alcohol in any quantity, howsoever small the quantity may be or (b) is under the influence of a drug to such an extent as to be incapable of exercising proper control over the vehicle shall be punishable for the first offence with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months or with fine which may extend to two thousand rupees or with both; and for a second or subsequent offence, if committed within three years of the commission of the previous similar offence, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three thousand rupees, or with both".